National Gallery of Canada
One of Ottawa’s most famous museums is the National Gallery of Canada. Its building made of glass and granite with octagonal towers was designed by the famous architect Moshe Safdi and was built in 1988. True, many during an external examination are not only struck by the building itself, but by what it faces. And this is neither more nor less than an almost ten-meter metal spider, which is quite an eerie look.
The gallery was created in 1880 by the Governor of Canada and in the first years occupied one building with the Supreme Court. Subsequently, the gallery moved to the Victoria Memorial Museum (now the Canadian Museum of Nature). In 1985, a new museum of modern photography was attached to the gallery. And in 2000, the new gallery building was included by the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in the 500 best buildings in the country built over the past millennium.
A very impressive collection of objects of modern art, among which you can see the most famous works of Andy Warhol.
The gallery has a large and varied collection of paintings, sculptures and photographs. Of course, the main emphasis is on Canadian art, but here you can also see many works of American and European artists. The gallery also has collections of works by indigenous people and Inuit. A very impressive collection of objects of modern art, among which you can see the most famous works of Andy Warhol.
Among the great masters of past centuries represented in the gallery, Piero di Cosimo (15th century), Lucas Cranach the Elder (16th century), Rembrandt Van Rijn (17th century), Honore Daumier (19th century), Rubens (17th century), Auguste Rodin . The 19th and 20th centuries are represented by such geniuses as Gustav Klimt, Fernand Leger, Rene Magritte, Henri Matisse, Pete Mondrian, Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pizarro, Jackson Polock, Vincent Van Gogh, Salvador Dali, Georges Braque, Paul Cezanne, Mark Chagall.
The biggest work in the museum’s collection is the entire interior of the Rideau Street Chapel, which was part of the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Our Lady. The interior was created by George Cugillon in 1887, and after the cathedral was closed in 1972, the chapel was dismantled, deposited, and then collected back inside the museum gallery in 1988.
In addition to the ugly Maman, next to the gallery building, you can see the sculpture “Running horses” by Canadian artist Joe Fafard, it is installed at the entrance to Sussex Drive. And the steel sculpture of the American Roxy Payne “One Hundred Feet Line” flaunts behind the gallery, on the hill of Nepean Point.
The spider sculpture with the charming name “Maman” was created by Louise Bourgeois in 1999. The spider of dimensions of approximately 10 x 10 x 10 m is made of bronze, stainless steel and marble (from the last 26 eggs are created that lie in the net belly of the “mother”). This is one of the largest sculptures of this kind in the world. The giant mother caused a huge stir and traveled almost half the world. She visited the Tate Modern Gallery in London, the Spanish Guggenheim Museum, the Mori Museum in Tokyo, the Rockefeller Center in New York, the Pompidou Museum in Paris, Switzerland, Qatar, Korea, and even the St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum; and came to Canada from Mexico. The sculptor herself claims that her creation is an ode to her mother, who was “smart, ready to protect and come to the rescue – like spiders.”
The gallery is a short walk from Parliament Hill and Chateau Lurie. You can get here with the OC Transpo bus number 9 (to Sussex Drive and Bruyere Street, one block on foot) and No. 1 (Delhousy Street and St. Patrick Street, two blocks on foot).
Over the centuries, elements of the cultures and traditions of Canadian Aboriginal, French, British, and later immigrants constituted a single Canadian culture, also heavily influenced by linguistic, geographic, and economic factors from its neighbor, the United States.
Canada is often described as a very progressive, diverse, and multicultural country, and the Canadian government’s policies regarding health care financing, increased taxation, the prohibition of the death penalty, increased measures to eradicate poverty, emphasis on cultural diversity and legalization of same-sex marriage are strikingly different from the United States.
The Canadian government has also influenced Canadian culture through various programs, laws, and institutions such as the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and the National Film Board.
Traditions of Canada
Canadians practice a large number of religions, the most common of which is Catholicism. Among Canadians there are Protestants, Jews, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists and Native Indians, and with their traditional beliefs.
The official languages of Canada are English and French, and the country’s ethnic diversity demonstrates how diverse the norms and rules of decency accepted in society are.