ECOTOURISM IN CANADA
The territory of Canada extends almost from the North Pole to the subtropical regions and from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. Here you can see the most diverse landscapes and natural areas. In Canada, there are about 40 national parks and a huge number of nature reserves and provincial parks. In total, the country’s protected areas cover an area of 730 thousand square meters. km
The most popular national parks in Canada are Rocky Mountain parks. They are known for a wide variety of recreational opportunities. Here you can go hiking, photo hunting, rock climbing, fishing, mountain biking, downhill and cross-country skiing, canoeing and boating on rivers and lakes, watching animals and going horseback riding. Jasper and Banff National Parks are located in western Alberta on the border with British Columbia. Parks can be reached from Edmonton and Calgary. Also in the Rocky Mountains, but already in the province of British Columbia are the national parks of Kutney, Yoho and Glacier. Traveling on them begins from the city of Golden.
Mount Revelstock National Park is located a little to the west in the Columbian Mountains. It is famous for its giant pine trees and cedars, among which one of the most exciting hiking trails passes – the ancient Western Red Cedars trail. Also, the park became known as one of the first places in the world where ski-jumping competitions were held. In addition, the province of British Columbia is worth a visit to Vancouver Island. Here, 337 km from the provincial capital – Victoria – is the Pacific Rim National Park. At the northern tip of the Pacific coast of British Columbia is the city of Prince Rupert. This is the starting point for a trip to the islands of Queen Charlotte. Part of the Queen Charlotte Islands occupies the Guy Haanas National Park with an area of 1470 square meters. km The park was open to protect coastal ecosystems and habitats of the ancient Indian tribes of Hyde. The Queen Charlotte Islands are often referred to as the “Canadian Galapagos Islands” because of the many endemic animal species that live here. This is the only place in Canada where the Pacific hatchet nests, the country’s largest coastal eagle populations live here, as well as the largest peregrine falcon populations in the world. In spring and summer, gray whales swim through the islands; in addition, sea lions and other pinnipeds can be seen in coastal waters. In the village of Ninstins on the island of Anthony, totem poles of the Haida tribes rise, and in the vicinity there are settlements of the Indians, where you can get acquainted with their way of life.
In the central part of the country, in the Saskatchewan province west of Regina, the Grasslands National Park is located – Canada’s first park designed to protect the prairie ecosystems. To the north of Prince Albert is the Prince Albert National Park. In addition to the Prince Albert National Park in the northern part of Saskatchewan, the provincial park of Lake Miadou, the provincial park of sand dunes of Lake Athabasca, where the northernmost sand formations in the world are located, the provincial park of Lake La Ronge with the highest waterfalls in the province are also interesting. In the neighboring province of Manitoba near Winnipeg, Mount Riding National Park is located. Also in the province of Manitoba, south of Churchill, on the coast of the Hudson’s Bay, Wapusk National Park is one of the largest places for wintering polar bears in North America.
It is worth noting that in the steppe provinces of Canada before the arrival of Europeans, numerous herds of bison lived. During the development of the country by European settlers, the bison were almost completely exterminated. In the 20th century, these animals began to be protected by the state, and today everything is possible to restore their population. Herds of bison can be seen in Elk Island National Park near Edmonton, in Prince Albert National Park, in Mount Riding National Park near Winnipeg and in Wood Buffalo National Park. Wood Buffalo National Park is located in the very north of Alberta on the border with the Northwest Territories. This is the largest national park in the country and one of the largest in the world, its area is 44807 square meters. km The park was created in 1922 to protect the world’s largest population of wild bison. There are also bears, wolves, moose, wolverines, martens and beavers. In the park, the Pis and Athabasca rivers form the world’s largest inland river delta. In addition, this delta is the last in the world nesting site for cranes and a place where many other birds live.
In Ontario, from Toronto you can go to Cape Peli National Park, which is located on the northern shore of Lake Erie, from Ottawa you can get to Elongwin Provincial Park, from Tobermory, on Lake Huron, you can go on excursions to the Bruce Peninsula National Park, Fatom National Park Five and Georgian Bay Islands National Park.