The excursion program in Canada is extremely diverse. It offers excursions along the historical routes of the country’s native inhabitants and European colonists, visits to ancient cities and large administrative centers, where ultramodern buildings are adjacent to historical sights, and sightseeing of natural attractions. Excursions (in detail) can be on foot, bus, water, air, and in winter also ski or snowmobiling.
Be sure to visit the valley of the St. Lawrence River in the province of Quebec – a historically significant area where the first French colonists began to settle. These places are not like the rest of Canada. The French heritage is manifested here in everything. You can find out all about the history of this region in such large cities as Quebec and Montreal. Take the river further west to Ontario to the Great Lakes region, where the country’s most populous region, called the “Golden Horseshoe” or “Ontario Peninsula,” is located. Toronto’s largest city in Canada and the country’s main natural attraction, Niagara Falls, are of interest here. Also in the province is the capital of the country – the city of Ottawa.
Along the southern Atlantic coast of Canada are the Seaside Provinces: New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. In the province of New Brunswick, the capital city of Fredericton, the city of St. John, from where excursions along the Bay of Fundy, and the city of Edmundston, the second city in North America in terms of the prevailing Francophonian population, are interesting. The culture of the province of Nova Scotia has left an indelible mark on the Scottish immigrants. In Nova Scotia there are numerous bands performing Celtic music, and the island of Cape Breton is one of the international centers of Celtic culture. The provincial capital is the city of Halifax, which is surrounded by sandy beaches and provincial parks. In the culture of the province of Prince Edward Island, a Scottish influence is also noticeable. The capital city of Charlottetown is named after the English Queen Charlotte. Canadians call Charlottetown the “cradle of the Confederation,” since it was here that a conference was held in 1964, which resulted in the formation of the “federal dominion” of Canada three years later.
Newfoundland and Labrador are Canada’s easternmost provinces. It is believed that the first Europeans who came here were the Vikings, it happened in the 10th century A.D. This is confirmed by the excavated Viking settlements in the northern part of Newfoundland. Be sure to visit the provincial capital – the city of St. John’s, which is the oldest and most eastern city in North America.
In the center of the country are three provinces – Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, which are called “steppe”. It produces most of the Canadian oil, as well as numerous agricultural land. In the province of Manitoba, there are over 100,000 lakes. Its capital is Winnipeg, which is located in the geographical center of North America. In the northern part of the province, on the shores of the Hudson’s Bay, Churchill is located, where a variety of tours of the bay are offered. The cities of Regina, Saskatoon and Prince Albert, as well as the northern lakes are interesting in Saskatchewan. In the province of Alberta, it is worth visiting such large cities as Edmonton and Calgary, and the Rocky Mountains with one of the most famous national parks on the planet – Banff and Jasper.
On the coast of the Pacific Ocean stretches the province of British Columbia. The provincial capital – the city of Victoria – is called the “island of England” in Canada, everything here: from its name to architecture, recalls England. Also in the province is the city of Vancouver, surrounded by the spurs of the Coastal Range, and the eastern regions, where the Rocky Mountains with numerous national parks are interesting.
There are three territories in the northern half of Canada: Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories and Nunavut Territory. Basically, these edges are suitable for nature lovers. In the vicinity of the capital of the Yukon Territory – Whitehorse – mountains extend and flowing rivers flow, the city of Yellowknife (the capital of the Northwest Territories) stands on the northern shore of the Great Slave Lake and is surrounded by a picturesque lake region, and the main city of the Nunavut Territory – Iqaluit – is located on the largest island of Canada – Baffin’s Land. About 40% of the inhabitants of the Nunavut Territory are representatives of the Indigenous people of this part of North America – the Inuit. Tours to cultural centers where the life and culture of the Inuit are represented, and to the villages of the Inuit Eskimos, where you can get acquainted with their crafts, are common here.